Initiative & Referendum Institute
at the University of Southern California
Voters decided 174 ballot propositions across 38 states on November 6, delivering breakthrough victories for advocates of marijuana legalization and same-sex marriage. Based on current returns, 112 measures have been approved, 60 have failed, and 2 are too close to call. The 65% approval rate is up from 59% in 2010 and 2008. Noteworthy outcomes include approval of initiatives legalizing possession and use of marijuana in Colorado and Washington, voter approval of same-sex marriage in Maine, Maryland, and Washington, and rejection of a marriage ban in Minnesota.
Election Results 2012 (BW 2012-3) [Updated 11/8/2012]
Election Preview 2012 (BW 2012-2) [Updated 10/26/2012]
IRI Report on Same-Sex Marriage Propositions (BW 2012-1) [Posted 9/3/2012]
Historical overview of state-level initiatives in the United States: IRI Report on Initiative Use, 1900-2012
Please direct media inquiries to Gilien Silsby, Director of Public Relations, (213) 740-9690 (office), (213) 500-8673 (cell), email@example.com.
Select a state on the map below to view information on the state's political history and a link to the state's election division.
Same-Sex Marriage (BW 2008-2) [Updated version BW 2012-1]
California Special Election
IRI Historical Database
The database lists all statewide initiatives to appear on the ballot since the first statewide initiative in Oregon in 1904. This list does not contain information on issues placed on the ballot by state legislatures which are commonly referred to as legislative measures. The Institute has only tracked legislative referendums since the 1998 general election and a listing of those ballot measures can be found in the above general election reports. For information on accessing the database, contact John G. Matsusaka, President, firstname.lastname@example.org.
© 2013 Initiative & Referendum Institute
USC School of Law
Los Angeles CA 90089-0071