Initiative & Referendum Institute

at the University of Southern California 


Process Available





Elections Division



Constitutional and Statutory Provisions



Winston Allen Flint, writing in The Progressive Movement in Vermont, noted that "no serious attempt was ever made in Vermont" to get a statewide initiative process: "There is little evidence to show that it was given any important recognition in Vermont by party platforms, legislators, press, or public opinion. "

In 1981 and 1982, however, Vermonters used their local initiative process in over 200 town meetings to vote on a resolution calling for U.S. - Soviet nuclear arms freeze. More than 160 towns backed the freeze, which therefore had much the same effect as a statewide initiative.

This state history is based on research found in David Schmidt's book, Citizen Lawmakers: The Ballot Initiative Revolution.

2014 Initiative & Referendum Institute

University of Southern California

Los Angeles CA 90089-0071